JAMB Syllabus For Government 2024/2025

JAMB Syllabus For Government 2024/2025: Hey there, dear students and guardians! Preparing for JAMB can be a difficult task. With so many subjects to cover and topics to understand, it’s easy to get overwhelmed. But don’t be afraid! Here at TeezabUpdate.com.ng, we’re dedicated to making your JAMB preparation as smooth and efficient as possible. 

JAMB Syllabus For Government

Today, we’re diving into the Government syllabus for the 2024/2025 JAMB examinations. Whether Government is your strong suit or a subject you find a bit challenging, we’re here to guide you every step of the way.

The JAMB Government syllabus is structured to guide you on which topics to focus on, the depth of coverage required, and the objectives you should aim to achieve in each topic. 

Remember, understanding the syllabus is key to efficient revision and, ultimately, success in the exam.

JAMB Government Syllabus for 2024/2025 UTME

This is to Inform the general public most especially those that are going to participate in the 2024 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination UTME that the Joint Admission and Matriculation Board JAMB has released the syllabus for Government for the 2024 UTME.

JAMB Government Syllabus 2024/2025 General Objectives

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Government is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the objectives of the course in Government.

These objectives are to:

  • Appreciate the meaning of government;
  • Analyse the framework and specify the institutions of government;
  • Explain the concept of citizenship and define the duties and obligations of a citizen;
  • Appreciate the process of political development;
  • Evaluate the political development and problems of governance in Nigeria;
  • Assess the role of Nigeria as a member of the international community and the workings of international organizations.

Jamb Government Syllabus 2024/2025


1. Basic concepts in government

  • Power, Right, Legitimacy, Authority, Sovereignty:
  • Society, State, Nation, Nation-State;
  • Political Processes Political Socialization, Political Participation, Political Culture.

2. Forms of Government: 

  • Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Autocracy, Republic, Democracy definitions, features, merits and demerits.

3. Arms of Government:

  • The Legislature – types, structure, functions, powers;
  • The Executive – types and functions, powers;
  • The Judiciary – functions, powers, components.

4. Structures of Governance: 

  • Unitary, Federal, Confederal-features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits.

5. Systems of Governance: 

  • Presidential, Parliamentary and Monarchical.

6. Political Ideologies: 

  • Communalism, Feudalism, Capitalism, Socialism, Fascism, Communism

7. Constitution 

  • Written, Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible.

8. Principles of Democratic Government: 

  • Ethics and Accountability in Public Office, Separation of Power/Checks and Balances, Individual and Collective Responsibility, Constitutionalism, Rule of Law.

9. Processes of Legislation: 

  • Legislative Enactment – acts, edicts, delegated legislation, decrees.

10. Citizenship:

  • Meaning, types
  • Citizenship rights;
  • Duties and obligations of citizens.

11. The Electoral Process: 

  • Franchise, Election, Electoral System, Electoral Commission.

12. Party Systems:

  • Definition, function, and types
  • Political parties – Definition, Organization, functions.

13. Pressure Groups: 

  • Definition, Types, functions, and modes of operation.

14. Public Opinion: 

  • Meaning, functions, and measurement.

15. The Civil Service: 

  • Definition, characteristics, functions, structure, control, and problems.


1. Pre-colonial Polities: 

  • Sarauta, Emirate, Tiv, Igbo, Yoruba – structure/system of governance

2. Imperialist Penetration:

  • The British process of acquisition – trade, missionary activities, company rule, crown colony, protectorate;
  • The British colonial administrative policy – direct and indirect rule;
  • Impact of British colonial rule economic, political, socio-cultural;
  • Comparison of British and French colonial administration.

3. Process of Decolonization

  • Nationalist Movements – meaning, emergence, goals, strategies, nationalist leaders – Herbert Macaulay, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Obafemi Awolowo, Ahmadu Bello, and others; the emergence of nationalist parties.
  • Influence of External factors;
  • Constitutional development – theClifford (1922), Richards (1946), Macpherson (1951), Lyttelton (1954) and Independence (1960) Constitutions.

4. Post – Independence Constitutions 

  • 1963, 1979, 1989 and 1999 – characteristics and shortcomings

5. Institutions of Government in the Post – Independence period; 

  • The Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary – structure, functions, and workings

6. Public Commissions Established by the 1979 and Subsequent Constitutions: 

  • The Civil Service Commission, the Public
  • Complaints Commission, Electoral Commissions, and others – objectives and functions.

7. Political Parties in the PostIndependence Period: 

  • Political parties, party politics – First, Second, Third, and Fourth Republics.

8. The Structure and Workings of Nigerian Federalism:

  • The rationale for a Federal System
  • Tiers of government and their relationship
  • Creation of States – 1963, 1967, 1976, 1987, 1991, 1996;
  • Problems of Nigerian Federalism – census, revenue allocation, conflicts, etc. solutions e.g. Federal character, etc.

9. Public Corporations and Parastatals

  • Definition, Types, purpose, and functions
  • Finance, control, and problems;
  • Deregulation, privatization – objectives, features, merits, and demerits;
  • Comparison between public corporations and parastatals.

10. Local Government:

  • Local government administration prior to 1976;
  • Features of local government reforms (1976, 1989) – structure, functions, finance and intergovernmental relations;
  • Traditional rulers and local governments.

11. The Military in Nigerian Politics

  • factors that led to military intervention;
  • structure of military regimes;
  • impact of military rule – political, e.g creation etc. economic, e.g SAP, etc.
  • processes of military disengagement.


1. Foreign Policy:

  • Definition, purpose, determining factors;
  • Nigerian foreign policy;

i. Relations with major powers;

ii. Relations with developing countries.

2. Relations with African Countries:

  • Africa as “centre piece” – guiding principles, implementation and implications;
  • NEPAD – origin, objectives and implications.

3. Nigeria in International Organizations

  • The United Nations;
  • The Commonwealth;
  • The Organization of African Unity;
  • The African Union;
  • The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS);
  • The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).


1. International Organizations:

  • OAU, AU;
  • Commonwealth;
  • UNO;
  • OPEC;
    • Origin, objectives, structure, functions, achievements, problems and prospects of these organizations.



Conclusion on JAMB Syllabus For Government 2024/2025

As we wrap up this post, remember that Government, like any other subject, requires consistent practice and understanding. 

The 2024/2025 JAMB Government syllabus is your roadmap to success, and here at TeezabUpdate.com.ng, we’re committed to supporting you on this journey. 

Tackle each topic with determination, keep your study materials organized, and maintain a positive attitude. 

With dedication and the right resources, you’re bound to excel. All the best in your preparations, and we hope to celebrate your success when the results are out!

If you have any questions regarding this post simply leave us a comment in the comment box below and we will get back to you as soon as possible! 

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